F.A.Q. (Frequently Asked Question)

IP address

An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a numerical label that is assigned to devices participating in a computer network, that uses the Internet Protocol for communication between its nodes. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing. Its role has been characterized as follows: "A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A route indicates how to get there.

Domain Name

A domain name is the text name corresponding to the numeric IP address of a computer on the Internet. A domain name must be unique. Internet users access your website using your domain name. For instance google.com, yahoo.com and msn.com are all domain names.

Web Hosting

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their own website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server they own or lease for use by their clients as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center.

Search Engine

A program that performs searching on documents for specified terms or phrases and returns a list of the documents where those terms were found. Search Engines are lately referred to Internet Search Engines. Most popular search engines today are Google, Yahoo!, AskJeeves, MSN, AllTheWeb, Excite, Lycos, AOL, HotBot, and AltaVista.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the volume or quality of traffic to a web site or a web page (such as a blog) from search engines via "natural" or un-paid ("organic" or "algorithmic") search results as opposed to other forms of search engine marketing (SEM) which may deal with paid inclusion. The theory is that the earlier (or higher) a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, video search and industry-specific vertical search engines. This gives a web site web presence.

FTP

(File Transfer Protocol) A very common method of moving files between two Internet sites. FTP is a way to login to another Internet site for the purposes of retrieving and/or sending files. A web designer/developer will login to a server, and FTP files from his computer, to the server, making them viewable on the world wide web.

ASP.net

Microsoft Active Server Page (ASP) is a server-side scripting technology that can be used to create dynamic and interactive Web applications. An ASP page is an HTML page that contains server-side scripts that are processed by a web server before being sent to the user’s browser. You can combine ASP and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) to create powerful interactive websites.

Bandwidth

How much information you can send through a connection. The Capacity of a connection. Usually measured in bits-per-second. A full page of English text is about 16,000 bits.

Binary

Information consisting entirely of ones and zeros. Also, commonly used to refer to files that are not simply text files, e.g. images.

Browser

A Client program (software) that is used to look at various kinds of Internet resources, e.g. Internet Explorer

Client

A software program that is used to contact and obtain data from a Server software program on another computer, often across a great distance. A Web Browser is a specific kind of Client, e.g. your Internet browser connecting to another web site, makes your compute, the client.

Cookie

The most common meaning of "Cookie" on the Internet refers to a piece of information sent by a Web Server to a Web Browser that the Browser software is expected to save and to send back to the Server whenever the browser makes additional requests from the Server.

CSS(Cascading Style Sheet)

A standard for specifying the appearance of text and other elements across the entire web site. CSS was developed for use with HTML in Web pages but is also used in other situations. CSS is typically used to provide a single "library" of styles that are used over and over throughout a large number of related documents, as in a web site.

Download

Transferring data (usually a file) from a another computer to the computer your are using. The opposite of upload.

Dynamic Site

The term dynamic is defined as constant change. Dynamic, as it relates to web design and development, refers to the way in which content, images, or any other variable is placed into a website. Typically, a web based language is used, such as PHP, to retrieve information from a database. An example of a dynamic website would be an e-commerce website or a site with a content management system.

HTML

The coding language commonly used to create Hypertext documents for use on the World Wide Web. The "hyper" in Hypertext comes from the fact that in HTML you can specify that a block of text, or an image, is linked to another file on the Internet. HTML files are meant to be viewed using a "Web Browser".

HTTP(HyperText Transfer Protocol)

The protocol for moving hypertext files across the Internet. Requires a HTTP client program on one end, and an HTTP server program on the other end. HTTP is the most important protocol used in the World Wide Web (WWW).

ISP (Internet Service Provider)

An institution that provides access to the Internet in some form, usually for money.

Server

A computer, or a software package, that provides a specific kind of service to client software running on other computers. The term can refer to a particular piece of software, such as a WWW server, or to the machine on which the software is running.

Static Site

Static, unlike its dynamic counterpart, stays constant. The text, images, and other variables are placed into the HTML. This type of site does not require a database or dynamic web programming languages.

Upload

Transferring data (usually a file) from a the computer you are using to another computer. The opposite of download

URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

The term URL is basically synonymous with URI. URI has replaced URL in technical specifications.

WWW

World Wide Web (or simply Web for short) is a term frequently used (incorrectly) when referring to "The Internet".

PHP

PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a widely used, general-purpose scripting language that was originally designed for web development to produce dynamic web pages. For this purpose, PHP code is embedded into the HTML source document and interpreted by a web server with a PHP processor module, which generates the web page document. As a general-purpose programming language, PHP code is processed by an interpreter application in command-line mode performing desired operating system operations and producing program output on its standard output channel. It may also function as a graphical application. PHP is available as a processor for most modern web servers and as standalone interpreter on most operating systems and computing platforms.

POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3)

POP3 – is the most recent version of a standard protocol for receiving e-mail. POP3 is a client/server protocol in which e-mail is received and held for you by your Internet server. Periodically, you (or your client e-mail receiver) check your mail-box on the server and download any mail, probably using POP3. This standard protocol is built into most popular e-mail products, such as Eudora and Outlook Express. POP3 is also built into the Netscape and Microsoft Internet Explorer browsers. POP3 is designed to delete mail on the server as soon as the user has downloaded it. However, some implementations allow users or an administrator to specify that mail be saved for some period of time. POP can be thought of as a "store-and-forward" service.

Twitter

Twitter is a social networking and microblogging service that enables its users to send and read messages known as tweets. Tweets are text-based posts of up to 140 characters displayed on the author's profile page and delivered to the author's subscribers who are known as followers. Senders can restrict delivery to those in their circle of friends or, by default, allow open access. Since late 2009, users can follow lists of authors instead of following individual authors. All users can send and receive tweets via the Twitter website, external applications (notably including those developed for smartphones), or Short Message Service (SMS), although the availability of SMS services varies by country. While the service itself costs nothing to use, accessing it through SMS may incur phone service provider fees. The website currently has more than 100 million users worldwide.

Facebook

Facebook is a social networking website launched in February 2004 and operated and privately owned by Facebook, Inc. Users can add people as friends and send them messages, and update their personal profiles to notify friends about themselves. Additionally, users can join networks organized by workplace, school, or college. The website's name stems from the colloquial name of books given to students at the start of the academic year by university administrations in the US with the intention of helping students to get to know each other better. Anyone over the age of 13 can become a Facebook user.

Blog

A blog (a portmanteau of the term "web log") is a type of website or part of a website. Blogs are usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order